Archive for March, 2011

March 30, 2011

Pak-China friendship exemplary: Chinese Ambassador

Chinese Ambassador to Pakistan Liu Jian Tuesday said Pak-China friendship is an exemplary bi-lateral relationship which can be emulated by other countries of the world.He was talking to media after his visit to Punjab Institute of Languages,Art and Culture.The Ambassador appreciated the decision of governments of Pakistan and China to declare 2011 as ‘Pak-China friendship year’.Liu Jian said that Chinese people have always shown interest in Pakistani culture and stressed that youth of both the friendly countries must be provided greater opportunities for learning each other’s languages and knowing the respective cultures.

He said that he had wished to become ambassador of China to Pakistan when he had visited here about three years ago and expressed his pleasure on the fulfilment of his wish.

Earlier,the Chinese ambassador visited Punjab Art Gallery, FM95 Radio station.

“Pak-China friendship may live long”, said the ambassador on air.Ch Abdul Ghafur,Punjab Food Minister was also present on the occasion.

via Associated Press Of Pakistan ( Pakistan’s Premier NEWS Agency ) – Pak-China friendship exemplary: Chinese Ambassador.

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March 30, 2011

CM lauds China’s role in progress

 

 

Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said Pak-China friendship is based on mutual respect and trust, and has stood the test of time, and the friendship is an example for the rest of the world.

“China is a sincere friend of Pakistan, and has played an important role in its progress. China has helped Pakistan in natural calamities and other testing times,” he said, while addressing a function with regard to 60 years of Pak-China diplomatic relations at CM’s Secretariat here on Monday. Ambassador of China in Pakistan Liu Jian, Speaker Punjab Assembly Rana Muhammad Iqbal Khan, Provincial Ministers, Advisors, Members of National and Provincial Assemblies, intellectuals, columnists, senior government officials and people from various walks of life were present on the occasion.

The CM said China had played a key role in the promotion of economic activities in Pakistan and development of various sectors. “Every Pakistani government has sought the advice of Chinese leadership on important issues and China has guided in the right direction.

Liu Jian said Pakistan and China had exemplary relations and their friendship was loftier than Himalayas and deeper than oceans. Lauding CM’s efforts, he said the project of Daanish Schools was a revolutionary step. He also gave a cheque of Rs 3 lakh to the CM as a token for provision of computers to the Schools.

Earlier, Chinese Ambassador held a meeting with the CM and discussed matters of mutual interest.

He also expressed his best wishes for the early recovery of Nawaz Sharif. Sardar Zulfiqar Khosa, Mujtaba Shujaur Rehman and MNA Hanif Abbasi many others were also present.

via CM lauds China’s role in progress | Pakistan | News | Newspaper | Daily | English | Online.

March 26, 2011

Pak-China N-technology & vested lobbies propaganda

Propaganda against Pak-Chinese civil nuclear technology, in the aftermath of the Japanese tragedy, is now becoming short of obnoxious by vested lobbies.

Reuters report carried by major Pakistani newspapers, saying that China is pushing ahead with Pak N-plant with old technology, which lacks safety features is sticking to old propaganda that western capitals have used against Pakistan even before the unfortunate Japanese tsunami.

The government, so far, has kept silent over these allegations as privately it concedes that the Chinese do not feel comfortable with highlighting this cooperation in the media. Many say that they should show more confidence, as the pressure point the NSG is a “cartel” not like the NPT, which is an international treaty.

Some points that have to be kept in mind is that first, the issue about Chashma plants being outdated. “Yes, they are the 1970s Westinghouse design, but Pakistan has improved and updated these designs. For instance both Chashma I, C I and Chashma II include improvements such as hydrogen recombiners’. The C II has hydrogen recombiners of the passive type, so it does not need any power source to continue functioning in a worse case scenario. C III (340MW) is supposed to come online in 56 months from now but may do so earlier while the C IV will come online 10 months after that. The IAEA safeguards agreement (one for both the plants, which is unusual, but shows the credibility of Pakistan’s civil nuclear programme) has been signed and in fact took less than 5 minutes to get through the IAEA Board of Governors. Obviously, if modifications have already happened in the earlier two reactors, the other two will be updated also in terms of design and safety features,” confirms the Strategic Technology Resource (STR), which has taken a lead in Pakistan, in educating interested media in the area of nuclear issues.

Then again that the Chashma design is the same as the Fukushima one has also been raised. “This is totally incorrect. The Japanese reactor is a Boiling Water Reactor, which has a small containment area with pressure accumulating far more quickly within it. BWRs are primarily used in US and Japan only. The Chashma reactors are Pressurized Water Reactors (PWRs)—the most common type in terms of power reactors. These have a much larger containment area and also the operations are contained in two separate structures so that a problem in one can be contained without causing an all-out emergency,” clarifies STR.

Again pressure is being put on China that they need to get the approval of the ‘cartel’. The News understands that this is not totally correct either since the NSG is a suppliers’ cartel not an international organization or Treaty. IAEA safeguards are essential, and these have been obtained for all the Chashma plants. Nor was the Indo-US nuclear deal subject to NSG waivers despite the fact that it contravenes the NPT. NSG waivers for India were on the sale of dual use nuclear technologies, which could be used for weapons production -and these came after the Indo-US deal was operationalized. There is no doubt that KANUPP is old and that is why it is not being operationalized at full capacity. However, experts point out that it has now been improved with .23G structural coping factor.

“More critical, KANUPP is located on a rock 40 feet above main sea level and protected by a rock piece jutting out to sea adjacent to its location. Also, because KANUPP was one of the early CANDU reactors its containment is very big for its size. A study was done on possible effects of a tsunami, and hence this site was chosen. The last recorded Tsunami was in 1945 off the Makran coast with waves of 4 meters-not much seismic activity in this part of the Indian Ocean,” the STR told the media last week.

Pak-China N-technology & vested lobbies propaganda.

March 26, 2011

Pakistan, China discuss expansion of cooperation in trade, investment, explore new avenues

Pakistan and China here discussed expansion of cooperation between the two countries in trade, investment and financial sectors.Both sides also agreed to conduct a study on the specific opportunities for the Chinese investors in Pakistan.Ambassador Masood Khan who held a meeting with Vice Governor, China Development Bank (CDB) Wang Yongsheng also discussed and reviewed the implementation of the bilateral projects that were decided during the visit of Premier Wen Jiabao to Pakistan in December last year.

APP learnt here Saturday that in the meeting held Friday both sides have decided to develop a coordinated mechanism for this purpose.

The Vice Governor of the CDB assured the Ambassador of the commitment of the bank to enhance cooperation with Pakistan.

He said that the focus of CDB was on implementation of projects under the Five Year Development Programme on Trade and Economic Cooperation as well as the agreements signed during Premier Wen Jiabao’s state visit to Pakistan in December 2010.

The emphasis, he said is on projects of power, infrastructure, alternate energy and banking sectors.

Wang said that CDB would strengthen the role of Pakistan-China Joint Investment Company including its exposure in Pakistan and tap full potential by generating its investment in various projects.

Both sides also agreed to hold a series of activities in the year 2011 which has been designated as the “Year of China-Pakistan Friendship”, to warmly celebrate the 60th anniversary of the establishment of China-Pakistan diplomatic relations.

via Associated Press Of Pakistan ( Pakistan’s Premier NEWS Agency ) – Pakistan, China discuss expansion of cooperation in trade, investment, explore new avenues.

March 25, 2011

Pakistan, China nuclear cooperation is transparent

China reiterated on Thursday that its civil nuclear cooperation with Pakistan is consistent with international obligations and under the umbrella of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

“As for the nuclear cooperation between China and Pakistan, I would like to stress that in recent years the two countries” have carried out some cooperation in this field, said spokeswoman Jiang Yu in foreign office press briefing.

She made it clear that the cooperation is consistent with our international obligations and subject to IAEA supervision.

She pointed out that the cooperation between the two countries has been made transparent for the IAEA.

Yu said that countries have the right to peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

via Pakistan, China nuclear cooperation is transparent: FM.

March 24, 2011

Chinese team meets KSE members

A delegation from China discussed the matter related with Chinese direct investment in Pakistan and overall development of capital markets of Pakistan with members Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE).

Li Yan, chairman Asia International Finance Limited and his team members met Munir Kamal chairman KSE, members of KSE Board and Haroon Askari, acting managing director KSE.

Munir Kamal informed the delegation KSE has signed a memorandum of understanding with Shanghai Stock Exchange and wished the next steps toward further cooperation between the two countries might be taken to improve bilateral relations and improving trade, industry and commerce.

Haroon Askari presented a brief overview about the KSE and highlighted the growth prospects of capital markets of Pakistan and role of the KSE.

via Chinese team meets KSE members – PakTribune.

March 24, 2011

China pushes ahead Pakistan nuclear plant expansion

 

 

China is committed to plans to expand a Pakistan nuclear power plant using 1970s technology, experts say, even after Japan’s crisis triggered global alarm about atomic safety.

China’s construction of reactors at the Chashma nuclear power plant in the Punjab region of Pakistan drew international unease well before the March 11 earthquake and tsunami battered the 1970s vintage nuclear reactors in Japan, crippling cooling systems and causing radiation to leak into the surroundings.

Those worries could now multiply. But neither Beijing nor Islamabad is likely to cut short their nuclear embrace.

China’s nuclear ties with long-standing partner Pakistan have triggered unease in Washington, Delhi and other capitals worried about Pakistan’s history of spreading nuclear weapons technology, its domestic instability, and the potential holes created in international non-proliferation rules.

Safety is also a major concern, as the reactors at Chashma, including the third and fourth units China has planned, are derived from designs dating back to the 1970s, said Mark Hibbs, an expert on atomic policy at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, who has closely followed Chinese-Pakistani nuclear cooperation.

This means they have fewer safety features than the newer models Beijing will increasingly use for domestic nuclear plants.

“The oldest reactor (design) that China is building is this reactor in Pakistan. It’s a very old design,” said Hibbs, who is based in Berlin and visited Pakistan this week.

“If China wants to help Pakistan build a reactor right now, they’re locked into this design,” Hibbs said in a telephone interview, citing patent restrictions and atomic export barriers that prevent China from selling more up-to-date designs abroad.

The radiation leaks at Japan’s Fukushima nuclear plant are likely to raise new questions about whether China should pursue nuclear power expansion in Pakistan, and whether it must first seek approval for planned reactors from other nuclear exporting states.

Beijing remained committed to Chashma, and would probably not seek a green light from a nuclear trade group, said Li Hong, a prominent Chinese nuclear expert.

“There’s no doubt that China will go ahead with Chashma, because this cooperation with Pakistan has such a long history,” said Li, Secretary General of the China Arms Control and Disarmament Association, a government-sponsored think tank in Beijing that focuses on nuclear proliferation issues.

“China will absorb lessons about nuclear safety from Japan’s problems, including for Chashma,” said Li.

A nuclear showcase

The Chashma power plant is one of two using nuclear reactors in Pakistan. Two of its reactors are already producing electricity in a country with chronic power shortages and China is helping build two more reactors.

The plant is located on plains near the banks of the Indus River, hundreds of miles to the south of Kashmir, the site of a 7.6 magnitude earthquake in 2005 that officials say killed 75,000 people. It was also not damaged in last year’s devastating floods.

China suspended approvals last week for new domestic nuclear plants. But reports on Chinese nuclear websites show work on Chashma continued after the calamity hit Japan.

On March 14, two days after Japan’s earthquake, Chinese engineers helped run the first successful test for linking the new Chashma reactor unit to a power grid, according to Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research and Design (www.snerdi.com.cn), which is helping build it.

Last month, the China National Nuclear Corp, the nation’s dominant atomic company, held a two-day meeting to refine plans for work at Chashma in 2011, when the new, second reactor is due to go into service (www.cnnc.com.cn).

“In 2011, we will strive to bring the project into commercial operation two months ahead of schedule,” said the report from that meeting.

China’s nuclear industry sees Chashma as a showcase of the country’s ability to export reactors, a trade that Beijing hopes will grow.

“Currently, we’re still a blank in exporting large-scale, multi-megawatt nuclear power stations, apart from the Chashma 300-megawatt water pressurised nuclear power station,” Zhao Zhixiang, director of the science and technology committee of the Chinese Institute of Atomic Energy, told China Energy News, a Chinese-language paper, earlier this month.

“The key to becoming a nuclear energy power is to establish your own abilities and competitiveness,” he said.

“No cause for concern”

Rivals India and Pakistan both possess nuclear arsenals and both refuse to join the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which would oblige them to scrap those weapons.

The International Atomic Energy Agency, the United Nations’ nuclear watchdog agency, agreed in early March to Pakistan’s request to safeguard the two new reactors planned for Chashma, a step that would allow the agency to help ensure nuclear material from the reactors is secure and not diverted into weapons-related programmes.

“There is no cause for concern regarding the safe operation of these plants,” a spokesman for the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) said of Chashma. “Any lessons learnt from the accidents in Japan will be implemented at our plants as well.”

Washington and other governments have said China should seek approval for the planned reactors from the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), a consensus-based cartel that seeks to ensure nuclear exports do not get used for non-peaceful purposes.

When the United States sealed its own controversial nuclear energy agreement with India in 2008, it won a waiver from that rule from the NSG after contentious negotiations in which China raised misgivings.

Beijing is likely to shun calls to seek special approval, arguing the two new units planned at Chashma come under a bilateral agreement sealed before it joined the NSG in 2004.

“I don’t think that China will seek approval from the NSG,” said Li, the arms control association official. “China considers that the new reactors were grandfathered under a previous agreement,” he said.

Other NSG members, including the Washington and other Western governments, are likely to want assurance that the two reactors planned for Chashma will be the last that China claims need no approval, said Hibbs.

Last year, the China National Nuclear Corp said it was in talks to build a separate 1-gigawatt atomic plant in Pakistan.

China pushes ahead Pakistan nuclear plant expansion | World | DAWN.COM.

March 23, 2011

Sino-Pak ties model for other countries: Chinese President

Chinese President Hu Jintao has said that China-Pakistan ties have withstood test of time and change in international situation and became model for countries that have different social systems but coexist in harmony and enjoy friendly cooperation.In a message of felicitation on the festive occasion of the National Day of Pakistan, he said, “I wish to extend, on behalf of the Chinese people and in my own name, warm congratulations and best wishes to your Excellency and through you to the people of Pakistan.

”He said over the past 64 years since the founding of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, diligent, brave and intelligent Pakistani people have made unremitting efforts and scored remarkable achievements in the course of safeguarding national sovereignty, achieving economic and social development and contributing positively to the regional peace and progress.

Hu Jintao said, “We are pleased to see all these, and believe that your country and your people will make greater success on the road of maintaining stability and achieving development. China and Pakistan are friendly neighbors linked by rivers and mountains.”

This year marks the 60th anniversary of the establishment of China-Pakistan diplomatic relations, he added.

The Chinese President said the Chinese side is ready to work with the Pakistani side hand in hand, to expand exchanges and cooperation in all fields, so as to inject new vigor and vitality to the China-Pakistan strategic partnership.

“May Pakistan enjoy prosperity and its people well-being.May Your Excellency enjoy good health,” he added.

via Associated Press Of Pakistan ( Pakistan’s Premier NEWS Agency ) – Sino-Pak ties model for others: Chinese President.

March 23, 2011

Ambassador performs flag hoisting ceremony to mark Pakistan Day celebrations

Pakistan’s Ambassador to China Masood Khan performed the flag hoisting ceremony here at the Embassy to mark Pakistan Day celebrations on Wednesday. On the occasion national anthem was also played.

Ambassador Masood Khan on the occasion read out the messages of President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani issued on the occasion.

The students of Pakistan Embassy College Beijing (PECB) attired in colourful dresses and holding national flags presented national songs.

The Pakistani residing in Beijing, officials of the Embassy, their families and other distinguished guests attended the ceremony.

Earlier, the ceremony started with the recitation from Holy Quran.

Meanwhile, on this auspicious occasion, the Chinese leadership including President Hu Jintao, Premier Wen Jiabao and Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi sent messages to their counterparts in Pakistan.

The Chinese leadership in their greetings messages expressed deep desire to take their country’s relationship with Pakistan to new heights.

The President of Pakistan Asif Ali Zardari on the advice of Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani has approved the grant of Civil Award ‘Tamgha-e-Shujat’ to two Chinese Engineers of ZTE Company.

via Associated Press Of Pakistan ( Pakistan’s Premier NEWS Agency ) – Ambassador performs flag hoisting ceremony to mark Pakistan Day celebrations.

March 22, 2011

Chinese Premier greets Gilani on Pakistan Day

Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao on Tuesday greeted Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani on Pakistan Day falling on March 23.In a message sent to Prime Minster Gilani, the Chinese Premier said Pakistan is a great country with a long history and splendid culture, and has made important contributions in promoting regional peace and development.He said in recent years, the government and people of Pakistan overcame various difficulties by responding positively towards the challenges of global financial crisis and devastating floods.

He said Pakistan government committed itself to promoting political stability and economic development, and scored remarkable achievements. He said China was gratified to see all these achievements.

Wen Jiabao said Pakistan and China are good neighbors, close friends, dear brothers and trusted partners. Over the past 60 years since the establishment of diplomatic ties, the two countries have enjoyed mutual respect, mutual understanding, mutual trust and mutual support, and established all-weather friendship and conducted all-round cooperation.

He said this year marks the “Year of China-Pakistan Friendship” and said China was ready to work closely with Pakistan to carry out activities of celebration so as to deepen traditional friendship, promote pragmatic cooperation and pass the friendship on from generation to generation.

via Associated Press Of Pakistan ( Pakistan’s Premier NEWS Agency ) – Chinese Premier greets Gilani on Pakistan Day.